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1. The purpose of animal husbandry is to produce organic animal products while ensuring that animals are treated with respect and that their health and safety are insured while preserving the environment.
2. The breeding of organic animals is based on the harmonious relations between land, plant and animal, and provides animals with conditions and opportunities of life that meet their physiological needs and conform to their natural and social behavior, safety and well-being.
3. Organic animals should be fed with good quality organic fodder.
4. The use of genetically modified organisms and the resulting products thereof shall not be permitted, or with the exception of veterinary medical products.
Animal breeds, origin and source
1. Animal breeds selected for organic management should be adapted to local conditions.
2. Selected breeds should reproduce successfully under normal conditions.
3. Only animal culture techniques compatible with organic production methods are used. Intensive breeding methods should be avoided and artificial insemination permitted.
4. The use of embryo transfer techniques as well as multiplication of the formula and induced reproduction is prohibited.
5. Animals should be born and raised in organic holdings. For nomadic management, the animals must be born and fertilized within the herd unit.
6. Poultry should come from the slow-growing breeds, and if they are not available, the age should not be less than 81 days before slaughtering the chickens.
7. In the event that the offspring cannot be obtained in sufficient numbers of organic tenure or where there is a risk of genetic improvement from adjacent gene basins, off-farm animals can be obtained from other organic holdings or organically grown herds.
8. Traditional animals can be brought in the absence of organic animals and according to the following age and weight limits:
• Chicks with 3 days or less to produce meat.
• Chicken aged 18 weeks or less to produce eggs.
• Piglets should weigh less than 35 kg.
• Lambs and young goats should be less than 50 days old.
• Calves and young camels up to 6 months old who received colostrums (sarcophagus) and fed mainly on whole milk.
9. Herds from traditional farms can be brought up to a maximum of 10% per year from adult animals of the same species to the farm.
10. Exceptions are given for more than 10% in the following cases: Unexpected severe natural and human accidents, including diseases, large expansion of the farm, establishment of a new type of livestock production on the farm, changing the strain and the status of holdings with less than ten animals .
1. Organic production methods should ensure that organic production practices are applied throughout the animal life cycle without routine breaks in organic management.
2. Animal husbandry systems that have changed from traditional to organic production require a transition period to develop natural behavior, immunity and metabolic functions.
3. Animals in a converted farm should undergo a conversion period and at least one time as follows:
• 12 months for animals prepared for meat production for at least 3 quarters of their lives.
• 6 months in the case of small ruminants, pigs and milk production animals.
• 10 weeks in the case of poultry to produce meat to be brought under age less than 3 days
• 6 weeks in poultry status for egg production.
4. Alternatives to possession should be brought in the case of poultry at the beginning of the production cycle.
5. Animals under nomadic management conditions should undergo a transition period at least once for 6 months.
6. Simultaneous conversion of land and animals is permitted. The shift period can be reduced to 24 months if the animal is fed mainly to the production unit's products.
7. All these standards requirements must be met during the transition period.
8. Animal products can be sold as organic only after the land and animals have met all the requirements of the transition period appropriately.
In the case of animal products of the same animal species and the same organic and inorganic production pattern (traditional or in transition) on the same farm, the products should not be sold as organic products unless the production is done in a way that clearly and permanently separates organic and inorganic production.
Housing conditions for organic animals
The operator must ensure that the environment, installations, herd density and size meet the behavioral needs of the animals. For more on this topic click here
Health care for the organic animal
The maintenance of animal health and well-being is achieved through organic nutrition, balanced and stress-free living conditions and selection of pathogenic and parasitic strains only through the welfare approach and the natural needs of animals.
For more on this topic click here
Organic Feeding for Animal
. Animals should be fed throughout the course of their lives with organic fodder consisting of agricultural components derived from organic farming and non-agricultural natural materials, and should be given a meal containing high-quality nutritious feed that increases the organic components and is compatible with their natural nutrition and digestive behavior. For more on this topic click here
The importance of honey bees is not limited to the production of honey only, it is the main supplement for many important plants, which do not hold fruit without the presence of insect pollinators and it was found that the proportion of honey bees in the pollination of cultivated plants and land ranging from 80 - 90%. For more on this topic click here
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